Your guide to healthy gums


With regards to your mouth’s health, it’s not about how straight your teeth are or how brilliant your grin is. You can’t disregard your gums! Even if you’re cavity-free and have the pearliest chompers in town, that doesn’t mean you’re insusceptible to gum disease. Since it’s usually painless, most people have no idea that anything is wrong with their gums.

How to Recognize Healthy Gums

Healthy gum tissue has specific characteristics:

  • The color of normal gum tissue can vary, but it is typically coral pink or a darker hue within this pigmentation (variations in pigment are relative to your cultural background).
  • Healthy gum tissue is not inflamed and therefore feels snug and natural around your teeth.
  • The shape of gum tissue typically looks knife-edged, or pyramidal and follows a curved line around the tooth.
  • Normal gum tissue generally has a firm texture and may or may not have a stippled appearance on the outer gum – like the outside of an orange. 
  • There is no spontaneous bleeding with healthy gums.

What Causes Unhealthy Gums

Bacterial plaque is the primary cause of periodontal (gum) disease or gingivitis, according to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry (AAPD). The gum tissue generally responds to the bacterial plaque with inflammation, which usually develops when there is an invasive amount built up against the gumline. When bacterial plaque is removed, the inflammation is reversed. Other factors that can lead to advanced gum disease, as stated by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP), include age, stress, genetics, smoking or tobacco use, medications, obesity, poor nutrition or simply grinding and clenching your teeth – specifically while you sleep. There may also be a relationship between periodontal disease and systemic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Common Warning Signs

According to the American Dental Association (ADA), signs that you might have gum disease include:

  • consistently bad taste or breath
  • separating or lose permanent teeth
  • gums that easily bleed
  • gums that are swollen, red, or tender
  • gums that have pulled away from your teeth

Tips to keep your gums healthy

Gum disease is preventable. Here are a few ways you can help keep your gums healthy

1-Right Flossing 

Flossing at least once a day to remove bacterial plaque and food flotsam will assist to prevent gum disease while curbing tooth decay and bad breath in the process. The floss should be inserted between your teeth using gentle force. It is critical to bend the floss in a “C” shape around every tooth, moving it against the tooth and beneath the gum line in a here and their movement. At that point, another part of floss ought to be embedded between every tooth so you don’t return germs to your mouth. 

2-Healthy Brushing

There are several healthy habits that you can use to improve or maintain healthy gums. Brushing at least twice a day with a soft-bristled toothbrush will help to control bacterial plaque that can collect in your mouth. 

3-Get regular dental cleanings

Professional cleaning is the only way to remove plaque and tartar. It can also get rid of any plaque you missed when brushing or flossing. If you have gingivitis, brushing, flossing, and regular dental cleanings can help reverse it.

4-Quit smoking

Yet another reason for smokers to quit: Smoking is strongly associated with the onset of gum disease. Since smoking weakens your immune system, it also makes it harder to fight off a gum infection, say the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source. Plus, smoking makes it more difficult for your gums to heal once they’ve been damaged.

5. Use fluoride toothpaste

Concerning toothpaste, store racks are fixed with brands that guarantee to decrease gum disease, renew breath, and brighten teeth. How would you know which one is best for solid gums? Try to pick a toothpaste that contains fluoride and has the ADA seal of acknowledgment. From that point forward, the flavor and shading are up to you! 

6. Use a therapeutic mouthwash

Usually available over the counter, therapeutic mouthwashes can help reduce plaque, prevent or reduce gingivitis, reduce the speed that tarter develops, or a combination of these benefits, according to the ADA. Plus: A rinse helps remove food particles and debris from your mouth, though it’s not a substitute for flossing or brushing. Look for the ADA seal, which means it’s been deemed effective and safe.


We love our patients and love to help them form healthy dental life that will last them a lifetime. For more information call us to answer all of your questions so get an appointment today.